The Stone Forest (Dikilitash)
The natural landmark consists of an ensemble of stone columns, up to 10 meters high, hollow or thick cylinders, crossed cones, variously shaped and sized rock blocks and multiple stone pieces, spilled around the entire complex. It is situated at about 18 km west from Varna. The complex consists of more than 300 different in size columns, situated in a stripe with sizes 850 meters x 120 meters, and about 50 structures are situated in a smaller area to the south. Some of the columns are broken in two or three parts, other are lying on the ground as if they had been uprooted from their places, and others form interesting sculpture groups.
At the end of the 2nd c. A.D. thermal baths were built on a territory of 7.000 sq. m. and are the biggest on the Balkan Peninsula. They became the centre of the public life in the town. Roman Thermal Baths are the largest ancient building discovered in Bulgaria so far. The part uncovered includes all the principal premises of the baths. Visitors entered it through two entrances on the northern facade. Wide stairs led to the antechamber, the purpose of which was to guard the dressing rooms from cold air. The premises were faced with marble slabs. Multicolored mosaics had been used for the decoration of the marble walls.
The richness of the ornamentation make of these thermae a remarkable monument of ancient architecture in the Bulgarian lands.
The palace involved a rare tree species collection – from black oak to Atlantic cedar, which are the only species on the Balkan Peninsula. More than 500 flower species and 200 sapling species are grown there and in the arboretum. The complex offers accommodation. At the disposal of the guests there is a restaurant, a barbecue, as well as opportunities for practicing of various sports, such as table tennis, tennis, basketball, volleyball, fitness, bowling, water skiing, surfing, etc.
The Marine Gardens form an imposing park where you can visit the Naval Museum, the Natural Science Museum, the Copernicus Astronomy Complex planetarium – the first in the country, the Terrarium and the Zoo. Here you can find also the only Dolphinarium and Aquarium in the country. There are also a swimming pool, tennis court, an open-air theater and a new children’s complex with a lot of amusements: water wheels, slide, archery, trampoline. Along the alley, which runs parallel to the coastline, there are a number of small cafes and restaurants, offering seafood specialties as well as attractive discos.
Situated amidst the greenery of the Seaside Garden of Varna it is the only attraction of its kind in Bulgaria offering a wonderful view over the sea.
The Dolphinarium was inaugurated on 11.08.1984 and quickly became a symbol of Varna and a landmark of Bulgarian tourism. The building impresses with its futuristic structure and glass-and-aluminum front wall. The building itself is a light spatial structure shaped as a glass cube of walls 30 meters long and 14 meters high. Interesting is the fact that the earthworks at installation floor and pools were done after the bearing roof structure had been mounted.
Astronomical observatory “Nicolaus Copernicus”
The first astronomical complex in Bulgaria, named after Nicolaus Copernicus consists of astronomical observatory, planetarium and a tower with Phuko’s pendulum. The diameter of the dome is 10,5 m. It is managed from the lector’s deck and can project over the coupon 5500 stars. In addition there are searchlights used for demonstration of the moving planets through the stars. There is also a special device which shows the solar system from 5-milliard km. From the beginning till now the planetarium was visited from more than 1 000 000 of people.
The Archaeological Museum of Varna
One of the largest museums in Bulgaria, it features 2,150 m² of exhibition area and displays objects from the prehistoric, Thracian, Ancient Greek and Ancient Roman periods of the region’s history. The archaeological museum shows original finds from the Paleolithic Age ( about 100 000 years BC ) to the Middle Ages ( 7th – 8th ) century, many of which are of great significance ( Varna Eneolith ) necropolis to the archaeology of Europe and the world. The largest Mesolithic collection of flint tools in South-East Europe, the largest collections of ancient terracotta, tombstone reliefs, lamps and glass vessels in Bulgaria are placed here.
The whole life from the time of socialism come back to live in a museum. It includes exhibits from the period 1944-1989, which are telling in artifacts how Bulgarians lived under socialism. Russian vacuum cleaners, household from East Germany, Polish cosmetics, Bulgarian cigarettes without filter and most desirable cars produced in the former Comecon turn back the time machine.
The “Assumption of the Mother of God” Cathedral
The cathedral in Varna is one of the symbols of the city. The view from the belfry towards the city is splendid, but you have to overcome the 133 stairs of the narrow caracol. The Assumption of Holy Mother, was to the memory of the Russian Empress Maria Alexanrovna, benefactor of Bulgaria and aunt of the Prince.
Mall Varna is one of the most visited shopping centres in Varna and the region, providing diverse opportunities for leisure, shopping and entertainment suitable for every age group. A wide selection of sports and casual wear, formal wear, shoes, accessories and jewellery, fine perfumery and branded cosmetics, children’s clothes and toys, household and office goods, to satisfy every taste can be found here.
Grand Mall Varna
Grand Mall is the newest and the largest trade center in Varna. It is located on the road to the airport, close to the city centre and adjacent to the central bus terminal. For first time are presented Carrefour, H&M, Zara, Massimo Dutti, Humanic, Playlife, Bata, Sport Vision, Intersport, Misaki.
Location: 15 km northeast of Varna
The most glamorous and glittering resort on the country’s Black Sea coast. Golden Sands is one of the two largest seaside resorts in the country. Golden Sands is a “Blue Flag” resort. This guarantees that the beach and the sea are kept clean and free of pollutants. In fact the beach is well known for being one of the best sandy beaches in Europe.
Location: 35 km north of Varna
Albena is a major Black Sea resort in northeastern Bulgaria. It has a uniform and unique architectural style. Many of the hotels are situated on the beach itself, exposed to maximum sunlight and providing direct access to the beach and sea. Albena is located close to other tourist, cultural and commercial centres and in the same time remains within well-preserved natural surroundings.
Location: 40 km north of Varna
The town was established 26 centuries ago by Greek settlers named Krunes. The greatest landmark of Balchik – the Palace – has remained from the period of the Romanian occupation. Balchik is becoming well known internationally as a golfing destination. There are three 18-hole championship golf courses within the local vicinity.