Address: City center
Ancient complex Serdica
This is an open air museum. Exhibition Roman archaeological remains found in the city center. There are ancient streets and the remains of the building around them, patios, hypocaust systems, remnants of water supply and sewerage systems.
St. George Rotunda
Ancient Roman monument
This charming round brick temple from the Roman era is not so easy to find. Constructed in the 4th century under Emperor Constantine the Great, this building is somewhat hidden in an inner courtyard between the presidential residence and the Hotel Sheraton. Once you have found the oldest place of worship in Sofia, you will be astonished by its well-preserved condition. Visitors can also enter the rotunda and marvel at the remnants of colourful frescoes.
Address: Alexander Nevsky Platz
Alexander Nevski Cathedral
Sofia’s spiritual centre
The cathedral temple “St. Alexander Nevski” is considered a symbol of the Bulgarian capital and you cannot leave Sofia without having seen it. It stands out not only thanks to its size – it is the largest in the Balkans – but also thanks to its vast cupola and rich interiors. Built between 1904 and 1912 by the Russian architect Alexander Pomeranzew in the Byzantine style, in memory of the soldiers who died during the liberation of Bulgaria in the Russo-Turkish War (1877-1878).
Address: Paris St 2
St. Sofia Church
One of the oldest churches in Europe and, after the St. George Rotunda the second oldest religious structure in the city. This three-nave basilica was erected in the 5th to 6th century A.D. on the foundations of several old churches in the then Roman town of Serdica. During the Second Bulgarian Empire (12th – 14th century), St. Sofia became the civic cathedral and in this role gave the city its new name: Sofia.
Address: Boyana quarter
Boyana Church “St. Nicholas and St. Panteleimon”
In 1979 the Boyana Church “ St. Nicholas and St. Panteleimon” was included in the UNESCO List. This unique temple is located in the Sofia residential section of Boyana, at the foot of Vitosha mountain. It was built in the end of the 10th and the beginning of the 11th century. Its greatest values are the several layers of frescoes. Among the images on the walls of the church visitors can see various images of Jesus Christ and Holy Mary, Bulgarian kings and queens, saints.The unknown master painters were summarized with a general term Boyana master, although the murals were created by different people in different periods of the Bulgarian history.
Address: Tsarigradsko Shosse 387
+359 2 963 4566
Vrana Palace and Park
A royal ensemble
Two elephants were once used here to help staff perform heavy garden labours, for the numerous trees and plants create a lot of work. Today the park contains 400 plant species from around the world. In this oasis in the middle of the city, visitors can enjoy the calm from one of the pretty benches and marvel at the mighty palace on the edge of the park.
National Theater Ivan Vazov
A cultural highlight
Locals are rightly proud of their national theatre. This Neo-Baroque building is an architectural masterpiece – yet built by the Viennese architects Hermann Helmer and Ferdinand Fellner. The performances inside are a cultural delight. National and international actors perform classical works and modern productions. The building is named after the famous Bulgarian poet and writer Ivan Vazov.
National History Museum
Impressive Bulgarian cultural monument
The National History Museum is situated in the southern district of the city called “Boyana”, at the foot of the Vitosha mountain range. Containing more than 700,000 artefacts, it is one of the richest and most interesting museums in the Balkans. Five spacious halls enable visitors to marvel at cultural heritage from pre-history to the present day.
St. Nicholas the Miracle-Maker
Russian church in Sofia
Church of St Nicholas the Miracle-Maker is also known as the Russian church in Sofia. So-called “the prettiest church in Sofia” its high dome, surrounded by four smaller domes, all made of gold harmonize perfectly with the roof of the church which is covered with green majolica tiles.
Address: between Patriarch Eftimii Blvd. and St. Nedelya Square
Vitosha Boulevard is the main commercial street in the centre of Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria, which is abundant in posh stores, restaurants and bars. It extends from the St Nedelya Square to the Southern Park. The boulevard is named after Vitosha, the mountain just next to Sofia. Among the notable buildings, located on the boulevard are: The National Palace of Culture, The Palace of the Courts, the house where the famous Bulgarian poet Peyo Yavorov lived and died.
Address: Borisova gradina
Constructed in the late 19th century and located in Borisova gradina (Boris’ garden) it is a focal point for leisurly walks and entertainment. The lake is “B”-shaped, 175 m long and 75 m wide, with a small island at its narrowest point. There are water wheels, boats and in winter people use it as an ice rink.
Address: Alexander Nevsky Sq.
Near the Alexander Nevski Cathedral in Sofia is situated an informal flea market, aimed directly to the tourists visiting the cathedral. There can be found all sorts of treasures like wind-up gramophone records, old violins, daggers, Russian military helmets, communist memorabilia, silver jewellery, religious icon paintings, old cameras, coins and medals, hand knitted socks and more. Around the other side of the church, women often sell traditional fabrics and rugs.
Address: 1 Bulgaria sq.
National Palace of Culture (NDK)
A cultural highlight
The National Palace of Culture (NDK in bulgarian) is the largest multifunctional conference, convention, congress and exhibition center in Southeastern Europe. This enormous landmark was built in 1981 in celebration of the 1300th anniversary of the Bulgarian state. It’s a hexagon shape and a mass of concrete & glass.
Sveta Nedelya Ortodox Church
Sveta Nedelya sq. is being considered the center of Sofia city. The church Sveta Nedelya lies directly above the ancient crossroads of Serdica (Sofia’s previous name). This church is the direct successor of several smaller churches from medieval times.The theories say that in the beginning the church was built by wood and it had fundamentals made of stone. Later on the entire church was built by stone.
Address: Knyaz Alexander Batemberg I Sq.
The City Garden is the oldest and most central public garden in Sofia since 1872. It is located between Tsar Osvoboditel Boulevard to the north, Knyaz Alexander Battenberg Street to the west and Joseph Vladimirovich Gourko Street to the south, in the historical centre of the city. It is a favoured place for amateur chess players, who can be regularly seen in the small garden in front of the National Theatre.
Address: Downtown, near Eagles bridge
Borisova gradina or Boris’ Garden is the oldest and best known park in Sofia. Its construction and arrangement began in 1884 and it is named after Bulgarian Tsar Boris III. It is certainly well worth a wander, especially to escape from the ubiquitous infernal-combusting engined machines for a short while. Miles of tree-lined avenues were built up along with interesting sculptures placed all over the park. There are many other features, including of course the obligatory Soviet Monument, the Summer Swimming Bath, the University Observatory.
Address: Moskovska St 49
+359 2 988 1797
Sofia University Botanical Garden
The botanical garden is hidden right in the city center. It has an open garden and a glasshouse filled with cactuses, palms, a rose garden and various trees and flowers. Entering inside you will really feel like being in a jungle. The rich collection of the garden includes about 1500 species – orchids, roses, palms, ferns, clematises, peonies. There is also a botanical shop outside in which you can buy saplings of seeds from the exotic plants.
Mall of Sofia
Mall of Sofia is among the first modern shopping centers in Bulgaria. It is located in the heart of Sofia and benefits from a simple design and layout enabling its clients to find what they need quickly and efficiently from more than 130 Bulgarian and international shops. Mall of Sofia has become a leading location to enjoy a lunch with friends, or business partners, in the range of contemporary cafes and restaurants.
This combination of more than 178 stores featuring world famous brands, services and places of recreation and entertainment makes The Mall an exciting place to shop. The ten screen Arena Cinema, various entertainment venues, a fitness centre, restaurants and cafes makes it perfect place for your free time.
Paradise Center – the first Lifestyle Mall in Bulgaria. The lifestyle mall concept stands out in the new standard and mode of spending one’s leisure time, in the broad range of services and entertainments for all ages – from the sports places, the restaurants and cafés, through the children’s centers, the attraction areas and cinemas, to the largest and most modern events hall.